I was so proud when my 5-year-old was finally able to read a complete sentence smoothly, without stopping to sound out individual letters and. Gerunds, present participles and other uses of the -ing form of verbs in English: Reading that book was very interesting. Drinking is essential; Drinking too much pop can make you fat. He drove two hundred miles without ever stopping. “OK, you said no question was stupid. So, I have been told not to use ing words in fiction writing because it is not the right tense. Why?” Have you heard . Zink recently posted Book Giveaway: Saving Yesterday by Jessica Keller My Profile.
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You can do without the “-ing” suffix when the action referred to is habitual or recurring over time. “I read books for pleasure” or “They launch. We can use the -ing form of a verb: Your new book sounds very interesting. Because an -ing noun or adjective is formed from a verb, it can have any of the. Instead, get rid of were or was, then eliminate that ing and replace it with past tense: “We started to The exception: No need to hyphenate modifiers that end in “ly. What's wrong with making a book 'personable'?.
In spite of missing the train, we arrived on time. Examples When will you give up smoking? She always puts off going to the dentist. He kept on asking for money. Jim ended up downloading a new TV after his old one broke.
It is important to recognise that the word "to" is a preposition in these cases because it must be followed by a gerund.
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It is not part of the infinitive form of the verb. You can check whether "to" is a preposition or part of the infinitive. If you can put the pronoun "it" after the word "to" and form a meaningful sentence, then the word "to" is a preposition and must be followed by a gerund.
Examples I look forward to hearing from you soon. I look forward to it. I am used to waiting for buses.
I am used to it. She didn't really take to studying English. She didn't really take to it. When will you get around to mowing the grass? When will you get around to it? The gerund in compound nouns In compound nouns using the gerund, it is clear that the meaning is that of a noun, not of a continuous verb. For example, with the word "swimming pool" it is a pool for swimming in, it is not a pool that is swimming. Your simple explanations and appropriate examples made this old grammar-dumb a little bit wiser and happier.
And yes, they make writing stronger and pleasurable.
Thank you so much, Leah. More of the same please. Thanks Arun! Very glad this is useful for you. I smiled as I wrote it because university linguistics classes drove me nuts, but they helped me understand the language better. Happy to pass it along.
There are many people who have been wondering about this, mainly because there are so many editors who are adamant on this point.
Here is a challenge for said editors: Read three pages from any work these authors have written and notice how many progressive tenses they use. Ask yourself, honestly, whether the abundance of progressive tense verbs would be frowned upon by modern conventions. If the answer is yes, which it will be if you are in touch with modern conventions, ask yourself if the modern conventions are of any intrinsic value. It depends on the context and the audience.
INGs hurt my ears.
Position of Adjectives
Edit away, I say! Hi Leah! Thank you for the informative post. Could you please clarify something for me? For example: By October , his photographs consistently illustrated all reviews of major shows in WWD, appearing both on the cover and inside the issue.
By October , his photographs consistently illustrated all reviews of major shows in WWD and appeared both on the cover and inside the issue. By October , his photographs appeared regularly both on the cover and inside WWD to illustrate all reviews of major shows. By October , his photographs illustrated all reviews of major shows in WWD, both on the cover and inside the issue.
The sky is the limit for variations! And it depends on the context, too. Read it all out loud—listen to yourself carefully or make a recording if you have to—and see how it sounds. That will help. I always get my past tennse sentences wrong. Please can you run a session on Past Tense and how to use them in creative writing — using simples examples.
Thank you. Arun Debnath. I have been told not to mix tenses in a sentence, and also have eradicated almost all the -ing words from my manuscript. But wondered if the above was OK. Mascara smeared, she blew her nose. Mascara ran down her cheeks as she blew her nose. Mascara ran down her cheeks. She blew her nose. Thanks for your explanation and example to show the difference between the simple present tense and a gerund. I run action underway , but running action named by a gerund is my passion.
All words communicate meaning, and every word has a breath of its own. Words are uttered and scribed.
Some are given a turn to plainly state their case, while others seem to struggle for a position. Some are not so sure, and just want to mingle, to listen in and then be heard. Yet others are taking you, the guileless reader, for a stroll in their words. Thank you for this. I was wondering about the whole -ing verb thing and could not remember the answer. Very helpful.
Thank God! Thanks for the explanation. It was short and concise and i get what your saying. What page on the Internet? Thank you for that clarification. I had also read that ing words weaken your writingbut now I understand why theydo! Oh and less exclamation marks too!! Really useful information. Could you please tell me if I can mail you the other queries that I have?
My writing is often criticized by my writing group as having too many passive sentences. All the sentences have -ing words. Does that make sentence passive? Active is when the subject performs the action. Passive is when the action is done to the subject by someone or something else. Previous Post: How to focus on writing: Next Post: Simple Writing. A reader sent in a question that goes like this: Have you wondered about it?
Three types of words that require -ing endings Words that end with -ing have a variety of functions. Present, future, and past progressive verb combinations When combined with auxiliary helping verbs such as to be am, are, is, was, were, been , etc.
Gerunds—present participles of verbs—that act as nouns Verbs that end in -ing can be used as nouns and even subjects of sentences. Present participles used as adjectives In this case, a verbal such as running expresses the concept of action as any verb does. Why avoid them? Why avoid -ing words in fiction or any writing?
Should you avoid them? Use simple present, past, or future tenses for more concise writing. She runs daily now. She ran every morning. Choose -ing words carefully and replace with more powerful or descriptive verbs. An image dances across your mind: Man, she was really running down the street like a maniac! Use a more powerful verb in the simple past tense Instead of Man, she was really running down the street like a maniac!Thank you for the great tips — a few of them were new to me.
I went into this with an open mind, just wanting to see what these authors had to say about the sucky sucky world of dating. I now think it should be done only in private, like any other lavatorial activity.
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That doesn't mean it was bad or a complete failure. Only the former is natural so smoking gun is not ambivalent. Super fun to read.
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